Lessico


Sant'Eucherio
vescovo di Lione

Saint Maurice et Saint Eucher de Lyon
Cote: Franšais 241, Fol. 254v
Jacobus de Voragine, Legenda aurea (traduction de Jean de Vignay)
France, Paris, XIVe siŔcle, Richard de Montbaston

Scrittore esegetico morto tra il 449 e il 455. Abbandon˛ ufficio e famiglia per rifugiarsi nel monastero di LÚrins (tra il 412 e il 420). Fu eletto vescovo di Lione (tra il 431 e il 441). Oltre a brevi scritti ascetici compose le Formulae spiritalis intelligentiae, commento a passi scritturali, e Instructiones esegetiche. Cassiano aveva dedicato a lui e a Onorato di Arles la seconda parte delle Collationes. Festa il 16 novembre.


Bishop of Lyons, theologian, born in the latter half of the fourth century; died about 449. On the death of his wife he withdrew to the monastery of LÚrins, where his sons, Veranius and Salonius, lived, and soon afterward to the neighbouring island of Lerona (now Sainte-Marguerite), where he devoted his time to study and mortification.

Desirous of joining the anchorites in the deserts of the East, he consulted John Cassian, who, in reply, sent him some of his Collationes, describing the daily lives of the hermits of the Thebaid. It was at this time that Eucherius wrote his beautiful letter De laude Eremi to Saint Hilary of Aries (c. 428).

Though imitating the virtues of the Egyptian solitaries, he kept in touch with men renowned for learning and piety, e.g. Cassian, St. Hilary of Arles, St. Honoratus, later Bishop of Marseilles, and Valerian, to whom he wrote his Epistola paraenetica de contemptu mundi.

The fame of Eucherius was soon so widespread in southeastern Gaul, that he was chosen Bishop of Lyons. This was probably in 434; it is certain, at least that he attended the First Council of Orange (441) as Metropolitan of Lyons, and that he retained this dignity until his death.

In addition to the above-mentioned letters, Eucherius wrote Formularium spiritualis intelligentiŠ ad Veranium, and Institutiones ad Salonium, besides many homilies. His works have been published both separately and among the writings of the Fathers. There is no critical edition but the text is most accessible in Migne, Patrologia Latina L 685-894. In the same volume (appendix, 893-1214) is to be found a long series of works attributed to Eucherius, some of doubtful authenticity, others certainly apocryphal.

 www.newadvent.org

Giovanni Cassiano

Religioso (? 360 ca. - Marsiglia 435 ca.). Secondo alcuni originario della Provenza, secondo altri della Dobrugia (regione dell'Europa centro-meridionale estesa tra il Mar Nero a E, il basso corso del Danubio a N e a W e i rilievi del Ludogorije a S; politicamente Ŕ divisa tra Romania, cui appartiene per 2/3, e Bulgaria).

La sua vita religiosa ebbe inizio nel 382 in un monastero di Betlemme. Nel 385 partý per l'Egitto dove trascorse dieci anni presso i grandi asceti per studiarne le dottrine. Nel 404 fu ordinato diacono a Costantinopoli da Giovanni Crisostomo e pi¨ tardi prete a Roma. Nel 415 fond˛ a Marsiglia un monastero maschile (convento di San Vittore) e uno femminile.